This is the material for making some of the most exquisite and expensive jewelry in the world â€“ diamonds. At all times they were the objects of attraction and admiration for people. Some of them are famous for their history, others have exorbitant price, and the third are famous because its size. The rankings were the biggest diamonds in the world, which were ever discovered.
10. the Millennium Star Weight of 777 carats
On the tenth place among the major precious stones is a diamond weighing 777 carats, which was discovered in 1990 in one of the fields of the Congo. For several years masters were occupied with the processing of jewelry, which was called “the star of the Millennium”. In 1999 took place the presentation of a diamond. A year later, during the exhibition in London there was made an attempted to steal the “Star of the Millennium”, but criminals quickly figured out the thief. The real value of the jewelry is unknown, but there is evidence that the amount of its insurance is about 100 million euros.
9. Red cross Weight of 375 carat
Found in 1901 by the South African mine company “Birss” diamond with net weight of 375 carats occupies the ninth position among the largest precious stones. After processing, the jewel acquired a pattern of eight-pointed Maltese cross, which is clearly visible through the top face. That is why the diamond received the name “Red cross”. Unique diamond possesses extraordinary ability: to accumulate daylight and then glow in the dark. The jewel was presented as a gift to the Red Cross in Britain in 1918, which put the stone up for auction. Then the diamond was sold for 10 thousand pounds, and all the money went to the improvement of medical facilities and medicines for the sick. The cost of the “red cross” according to some estimates, amounts at present is about two million euros.
8. De Beers Weight of 428,5 carats
On the eighth place is the precious stone with weigh 428,5 carats, discovered in 1888 in South African mine “Kimberly”. When it was cut, it turned out an amazing diamond with 234,65 carats weight, which is referred to as “De Beers”. The stone was purchased by Prince Patiala for the collection. Later the diamond was the decoration of one of the most expensive necklace with the name “Patiala”. After the death of Prince jewelry missing and many diamonds have never been found.
7. Jubilee Weight of 650,8 carats
In seventh place there is a diamond, whose weight was initially 650,80 carats. It was discovered in South African mines in 1895. The colorless stone was named in honor of President William Francis Reitze, but in 1897, in a “diamond” anniversary of the reign of British Queen Victoria, was renamed “Jubilee.” A few years later the diamond was bought by a businessman Dorabji Tata for Jamsetji his wife. After the death of the owners, the heirs put family luxury for sale. “Jubilee” has repeatedly changed owners, but then took refuge in the Washington Museum, which is now used as an exhibit for the public.
6. Century Weight of 273,85 carats
One of the most unique and the largest diamond was found in 1986 in South Africa, the initial weight of which was 600 carats. When cut turned out to be a diamond in carats 273,85 of 247 facets, which was named “the Century”. This is one of the largest diamonds with the highest color group D and the highest purity FI. Jewel was leased to the tower of London for a demonstration. In 2008 “the Century” was sold to one wealthy American person, whose name was kept in secret.
5. the Spirit of de Grisogono Weight of 312,24 carats
One of the most unique and largest stones ever found is black diamond, “the Spirit of de Grisogono”, the initial weight of which was 590 carats. It was discovered in Central Africa. After processing, the jewels turned out to luxurious black diamond carat weight 312,24. “The spirit of de Grisogono” got cut in the form of a rose. Many years later it was set in a ring, framed by small white diamonds. Currently the rarest treasure is owned by “De Grisogono” company.
4. the Lesser Star of Africa Weight of 317,4 carats
One of the most famous gems mined ever is a rough diamond discovered in South Africa in the British colony of Transvaal. It was found in the Cullinan mine, in whose honor it was named. Later stone was split in several diamonds by one of the most skillful grilscom Joseph Asher. One of them was called “Culinan II or the Lesser Star of Africa”, which weighs 317,4 carats. The larger diamond is called “Culinan I” and itâ€™s below in the list of our ranking. “The lesser Star of Africa” is now in the ornament of the British crown and its cost is estimated at $ 200 million.
3. Incomparable Weight of 407,48 carats
The list of three largest gems opens by diamond with 407, 48 carats, called “Incomparable”. Its initial weight was 890 carats. It was discovered in 80-ies of the last century by a girl who was walking near the MIBA Diamond Mine (Congo). Among the scattered rubble she saw a dazzling beautiful golden brown stone. For sale “Peerless” was exhibited in 1988. It was purchased by Geneva citizen Theodore Horowitz for $ 12 million. In 2002, the diamond was in electronic trading. For the “Incomparable” requested 12 million, but anyone, who was willing to buy a jewel for an astronomical price and was not found. A few years ago, golden-brown diamond found shelter in an incredible necklace in pink gold with 91 stone. Today the cost of diamond has increased and is estimated at $ 20 million.
2. Cullinan I Weight of 530,2 carats
In second place among ever mined gemstones is the diamond at 530.2 carats, called “Cullinan I”. Otherwise it is called as “the Great Star of Africa”. “Cullinian I” was discovered in the British colony of the Transvaal in the early twentieth century. The incredible beauty of the jewel was presented to Britain’s king Edward VII on his birthday. Cut Great star of Africa got by one of the most prestigious jewelry houses, Asher and Co. Colorless the stone began to shimmer with 76 facets. At the moment the diamond is in the tower of London. The cost of “Culinan I” is estimated at 4 million dollars.
1. Golden Jubilee Weight of 755,5 carats
Top one in our rating is the largest diamond carat with weight of 755,5, which was found in 1985 in the South Africa Premier mine. Precious stone, when was cut, was weighing 545.67 carats and turned into a luxurious yellow-brown diamond. The processing conducted by one of the best cutters Gaby Tolkowsky, spent two years to make this gem perfect. The master called his creation “Cauchon with the elements of fire rose”. After a few years, once in the Thai diamond manufacturers Association, stone was used as an exhibit. But then jewel was acquired by Thai businessmen and was presented as a gift to the king’s 50-th year anniversary. Then diamond began to be named as “Golden jubilee”. Currently it is stored in the Royal Palace and is part of the treasure of the Thai crown. Its cost is estimated from 4 to 12 million dollars.